### Break Even Point BEP Formula + Calculator

If a business’s revenue is below the break-even point, then the company is operating at a loss. The break-even point (BEP) helps businesses with pricing decisions, sales forecasting, cost management, and growth strategies. A business would not use break-even to measure its repayment of debt or how long that repayment will take to complete.

## How to Calculate Break Even Point in Units

Break-even price is also used in managerial economics to determine the costs of scaling a product’s manufacturing capabilities. Typically, an increase in product manufacturing volumes translates to a decrease in break-even prices because costs are spread over more product quantity. A break-even price is the amount of money, or change in value, for which an asset must be sold to cover the costs of acquiring and owning it. It can also refer to the amount of money for which a product or service must be sold to cover the costs of manufacturing or providing it. Once you calculate your break-even point, you can determine how many products you need to manufacture and sell to make your business profitable.

## What Is Break-Even Analysis?

Depending on your needs, you may need to calculate your profit margin or markup to find your revenue… This will allow you to calculate the maximum price you may pay for goods, given all of your other numbers. A gross break-even point is often not entirely correct for figuring out exactly what is process costing what it is and why its important where you would break even on a trade, investment, or project. This is because taxes, fees, and other charges are often involved that must be taken into account. For instance, if you sell a stock for a $10 profit subject to long-term capital gains tax, you will have to pay $1.50 in taxes.

## Put Option Breakeven Point Example

A breakeven point calculation is often done by also including the costs of any fees, commissions, taxes, and in some cases, the effects of inflation. The information required to calculate a business’s BEP can be found in its financial statements. The first pieces of information required are the fixed costs and the gross margin percentage. Although investors are not interested in an individual company’s break-even analysis on their production, they may use the calculation to determine at what price they will break even on a trade or investment. The calculation is useful when trading in or creating a strategy to buy options or a fixed-income security product. You would not be able to calculate the break-even quantity of units unless you have revenue and variable cost per unit.

A company then needs to produce more of its products to meet this new demand which, in turn, raises the break-even point in order to cover the extra expenses. Break-even analysis is often a component of sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis performed in financial modeling. Using Goal Seek in Excel, an analyst can backsolve how many units need to be sold, at what price, and at what cost to break even. Breakeven calculator choices include the National Association for the Self-Employed’s NASE breakeven calculator, the U.S.

The break-even point formula divides the total fixed production costs by the price per individual unit, less the variable cost per unit. What we mean here by BEP is the number of units that must be sold to just cover fixed costs so you would need to specify the revenue and variable costs per unit in order to know the BEP for fixed costs of 8000. The formula for calculating the break-even point (BEP) involves taking the total fixed costs and dividing the amount by the contribution margin per unit. Therefore, given the fixed costs, variable costs, and selling price of the water bottles, Company A would need to sell 10,000 units of water bottles to break even.

As more or fewer units are sold, fixed costs allocated to each product can change. Break-even analysis and the BEP formula can provide firms with a product’s contribution margin. The contribution margin is the difference between the selling price of the product and its variable costs. For example, if an item sells for $100, with fixed costs of $25 per unit, and variable costs of $60 per unit, the contribution margin is $40 ($100 – $60). This $40 reflects the revenue collected to cover the remaining fixed costs, which are excluded when figuring the contribution margin.

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Both marginalist and Marxist theories of the firm predict that due to competition, firms will always be under pressure to sell their goods at the break-even price, implying no room for long-run profits. From this analysis, you can see that if you can reduce the cost variables, you can lower your breakeven point without having to raise your price. • A company’s breakeven point is the point at which its sales exactly cover its expenses. If she wants to turn a profit, she’ll need to sell at least nine quilts a month.

It helps businesses choose pricing strategies, and manage costs and operations. In stock and options trading, break-even analysis helps find the minimum price movements required to cover trading costs and make a profit. Traders can use break-even analysis to set realistic profit targets, manage risk, and make informed trading decisions. To find the total units required to break even, divide the total fixed costs by the unit contribution margin.

Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. If materials, wages, powers, and commission come to 625K total, and the cars are sold for 500K, then it seems like you are losing money on each car. The incremental revenue beyond the break-even point (BEP) contributes toward the accumulation of more profits for the company. There is no net loss or gain at the break-even point (BEP), but the company is now operating at a profit from that point onward. The break-even price to manufacture 20,000 widgets is $20 using the same formula.

- Fixed Costs – Fixed costs are ones that typically do not change, or change only slightly.
- So, he decides to calculate the break-even point, so that he and his management team can determine whether this new product will be worth the investment.
- A company then needs to produce more of its products to meet this new demand which, in turn, raises the break-even point in order to cover the extra expenses.
- You would not be able to calculate the break-even quantity of units unless you have revenue and variable cost per unit.
- Sales can either increase or decrease through pricing changes and changes in the volume of units sold.

To calculate BEP, you also need the amount of fixed costs that needs to be covered by the break-even units sold. The break-even analysis is important to business owners and managers in determining how many units (or revenues) are needed to cover fixed and variable expenses of the business. Examples of fixed costs are property taxes and G&A (general & administrative) expenses, including office https://www.kelleysbookkeeping.com/accrued-vs-deferred-revenue/ rent. A break even point (BEP) is the point at which your total revenue is equal to your total costs, so your business has neither made nor lost money. Essentially, BEP tells you when your production costs are the same amount as your product revenue. What this answer means is that XYZ Corporation has to produce and sell 50,000 widgets to cover their total expenses, fixed and variable.

He wants to know what kind of impact this new drink will have on the company’s finances. So, he decides to calculate the break-even point, so that he and his management team can determine whether this new product will be worth the investment. Companies can use profit-volume charting to track their earnings or losses by looking at https://www.kelleysbookkeeping.com/ how much product they must sell to achieve profitability. This comparison helps to set sales goals and determine if new or additional product production would be profitable. The Break-Even Point (BEP) is the inflection point at which the revenue output of a company is equal to its total costs and starts to generate a profit.

There are both positive and negative effects of transacting at the break-even price. In addition to gaining market shares and driving away existing competitions, pricing at break-even also helps set an entry barrier for new competitors to enter the market. Eventually, this leads to a controlling market position, due to reduced competition.